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Meaning of Flowers

also see
READ MORE... Language of Flowers - History of Valentines Day - How Plants Get Their Names

Section A.

   

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ABUTILON   Meditation
ACACIA (Rose or White)   Elegance, Friendship, Hope
ACACIA (Yellow)   Secret love , Platonic love, Beauty in Retirement
ACANTHUS   Artistic, Artifice, The Fine Arts
ACHILLEA   War, Power to Overcome
ACHIMENES   Rare Worth, Such Worth is Rare
ACONITE   Lustre, Misanthropy (one of the four poisons)
ACORN   Nordic Symbol of Life and Immortality
ADDER'S TONGUE   Jealousy
ADONIS   Sad memories
AFRICAN VIOLET(Saintpaulia)   Faithfulness
AGAPANTHUS (General)   Enduring Spiritual Beauty and Purity
AGAPANTHUS(General)   Love Flower, Love Letters
AGAVE   Tree of Life (Mexico), Abundance
AGNUS CASTUS(Chaste Tree)   Coldness, Indifference
AGRIMONY   Gratitude
AJUGA   Cheerful Heart, Lovable, Cheers the Heart
ALDER   Protection, Symbol of Appearance and Glamour
ALDER(Tree)   Conguers Adversities, Strenght from Within
ALLIUM   Strength
ALLAMANDA   Heavenly Chief
ALLSPICE   Compassion
ALMOND (General)   Divination, Wisdom, Clairvoyance, Money and Business
ALMOND (Blossom & Tree)   Hope, Promise, Thoughtfulness, Lovers Charm
ALMOND (Tree)   Abiding Love & Friendship
ALOE   Overcomes Grief, Devotion,  Spiritual& Physical  Healing
ALOE   Can be used to represent feelings of bitterness & pain
ALSTROEMERIA   Devotion, Friendship, Wealth, Prosperity, Fortune
ALTHEA (Mallow)   Consumed by Love, see Hollyhock
ALYSSUM   Worth Beyond Beauty
ALYSSUM (Sweet)   Excellence Beyond Beauty, Exemplary Modesty 
AMARANTHUS (General)   Immortality, Fidelity, Everlasting Friendship
AMARANTH (Cockscomb)   Affectation, Pretension 
AMARANTH (Globe)   Constant, Unchangeable, Immortal or Unchangable Love
AMARANTH (Plume, Drape, Foliage)   Foppery, Immortality, Pretension
AMARYLLIS   Beautiful, Timid but Proud and Lovely
AMARYLLIS(see Hippeastrum)   Pride, Splendid Beauty
AMBROSIA   Love Returned, Will You Return My Love?
ANCHUSA (Bugloss)   Falsehood
ANEMONE (General)   Unfading Love, Truth, Sincerity
ANEMONE(General)   Anticipation, Expectation; Daintiness
ANEMONE(General)   Overcomes or represents fading hope & the foresaken
ANEMONE (Windflower)   Abandonment, or Strength in the face of this
ANEMONE (Darker Shadings)   The forsaken, sickness, or strength against these things
ANGELICA   Inspiration, Magic
ANGEL'S TRUMPETS (Brugmansia)   Fame, Thoughts of Those Dearly Departed
ANGREC (Comet Orchid)   Royalty, Secret Love, Chaste Love
ANISEED   Restoration of Youth
ANTHEMIS   Energy in Action, Endurance and Healing
ANTHERICUM(Spider Plant)   Antidote
ANTHURIUM   Lover, My Love
ANTIRRHINUM (Snapdragon)   Strength, Gracious Lady, Power of Will
APOCYNUM   Falsehood, Figment, I Doubt You
APPLE   Healing, Prosperity, Love, Bounty, Abundance, Perpetual Youth, Innocence, Strength, Beauty, Temptation, Represents a Choice
APPLE BLOSSOM   Preference, Better Things to Come, Good Fortune
APPLE-BLOSSOM   Preference
APRICOT   Love
ARBOR-VITAE   Eternal, I Never Change, Live for Me, Friendship
ARBOR-VITAE   Immortality, True and Everlasting Friendship
ARBUTUS   Thee Only Do I Love, You Are My Only Love
ARBUTUS (Trailing)   Welcome
ARISAEMA(Jack-in-the-Pulpit)   Continued Happiness, Love-Springs-Eternal
ARTEMISIA   Dignity
ARMERIA (Thrift)   Sympathy
ARUM   Ardor
ASCLEPIAS (Butterfly Weed)   Sad Remembrance, Hope from Sorrow, Let Me Go
ASH ((General)   Prudence, Purification, Protection
ASH (General)   With Me You Are Safe
ASH  TREE(Fraxinus)   Grandeur
ASPARAGUS FERN   Fascination
ASPEN   Excess of sensibility, fear, groan, Lamentation
ASPHODEL(Ancient name of Daffodil)   My Regrets Follow You to the Grave, Memorial Sorrow
ASTER (General)   Symbol & Talisman of Love, Daintiness, Contentment
ASTER (General)   Variety, Delicacy, Patience, Love Vibrations, Elegance
ASTER (China)   Fidelity, Variety, Love of Variety, I Will Think of You 
ASTER (also see: Michaelmas Daisy)    Afterthoughts, Fond Farewell, Healthy Emotions
ASTER(Starwort)(American Starwort)   Cheerfulness(in old age);Welcome(to a stranger),The Star
ASTER (Wild Varieties)   Drives Away Evil, Sacred Star
ASTILBE   I'll Still Be Waiting
AURICULA   Painting, wealth is not always happiness
AURICULA   Pride (scarlet)
AZALEA (General)   Take Care, Fragile, Passion, Chinese Symbol of Womanhood
AZALEA (General)   Moderation, Temperance, Your blush has won me
AZALEA (General)   Take care of yourself for me, Fragile Passion
AZALEA (General)   Romance, Love, First Love
   

Section B.

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BABY'S BREATH (Gypsophila)   Everlasting Love, Innocence, Pure of Heart
BABY'S BREATH   Pure of Heart, Happiness
BACHELOR BUTTON (Centaurea)   Single Blessedness, Celibacy, Refinement
BACHELOR BUTTON   Devotion, Hope, Love, Hope in Love
BALM (General)   Sympathy, Healing, Relief from saddness, Pleasantry
BALM (Bee)(Monarda)   Irresistible
BALM (Lemon)   Healing, Sympathy,Brings Love, Pleasantry, Divination
BALM OF GILEAD   Healing and Relief, I Am Cured
BALSAM (Annual bush)   Ardent Love
BALSAM (Impatien)   Impatience for Love, Impatience
BALSAM OF PERU(Myroxylon)   Cure, Cure for heartache
BAMBOO   Steadfast Loyalty and Strength
BARBERRY   Sharpness of temper, Sourness
BASIL (General)   Kingly, Royal, Highly Spiritual, Best Wishes & Luck
BASIL (Sweet)   Good Wishes, Good Luck
BASIL (European or French)   Hatred
BAY TREE   Glory, Triumph of Humanity, Strength, Famous & Noteable
BAY WREATH   Reward of Merit
BAYBERRY   Discipline, instruction
BAY-LEAF (Laurel)   Strength, Famous and Noteable, I Change but in Death
BEARS BREECHES(Acanthus)   Art or Artistic, The Fine Arts, Artifice
BEECH (General)   Stability, Flow of Energy, Incredible conductor of Energy
BEECH TREE   Prosperity, Lovers' Tryst
BEGONIA   Cordiality, A Fanciful Nature, Patron of Science
BEGONIA   Beware,Deformity (from wicken)
BEGONIA (Hybrid forms)   Patron of Science and Botony, the unusual and unique
BELLADONNA(Plant)   Silence, sometimes Sleep
BELLADONNA(Lily)   Pure Loveliness, I Dream of You, You are a Dream
BELLFLOWER (General)   Constancy, Gratitude, I Wish to Speak to You
BELLFLOWER (White)(Small Forms)   Gratitude
BELLS OF IRELAND   Good Luck, Gratitude
BELLWORT   Hopelessness
BERGAMOT(Monarda)(Bee Balm)   Irresistible
BETONY   Surprise
BILBERRY   Treachery
BINDWEED(Convolvulus, purple)   Eminence
BINDWEED(Convolvulus, field)   Humility
BIRCH   Rebirth, Protection, Purification, New Beginnings
BIRCH (Tree)   Graceousness, Meekness, Self-Sacrifice, Devotion
BIRD OF PARADISE   Joyful, Magnificence, A Symbol of Faithfulness
BISHOPS FLOWER (Ammi majus)   Haven, Sanctuary, Warmth, Fantasy
BITTERSWEET   Truth, A Platonic Love
BLACK BRYONT/LADY'S SEAL   Be My Support
BLACK POPLAR   Courage
BLACKTHORN (General)   Difficulty, Unexpected Change, I have changed radically
BLACKTHORN (Tree)   Transition, Sudden Change, Death
BLACK(or BROWN)-EYED SUSAN   Justice, Impartiality, Love Conquers All
BLUEBELL(English & Spanish)   Constancy, Humility, Gratitude, sometimes Grief
BLUEBELL(Bell Flower)   Humility,Constancy, also Sorrowful Regret
BLUEBERRY   Prayer
BLUEBOTTLE   Delicacy
BLUETS   Contentment
BONSAI/TOPIARY   Stability, Strength
BORAGE   Courage, Talent ,Talented; Bluntness, Rudeness
BOUGAINVIILEA   A  Beauty, Beautiful Day, Papers, Paper Flowers
BOUQUET (Given/Accepted with Right Hand)   Accepted, Agreement, Affirmation
BOUQUET(Given/Accepted with Left Hand)   Refusal, Disagreement, Negative Response
BOUQUET OF WITHERED FLOWERS   Rejected Love
BOUVARDIA   Enthusiasm
BOXWOOD   Constancy
BRAMBLE   Holiness, Remorse, Envy
BROOM (General)(Spanish)   Humility, Neatness, Cleanliness
BROOM (Prickly)   Misanthropy
BROWALLIA (Amethyst)   Admiration, Could You Bear Poverty
BRUGMANSIA (Angel's Trumpets)   Thoughts of Those Dearly Departed
BRYONY (White Briony, gourds)   Prosperity, Support
BUCK BEAN   Calm Repose, Quiet
BUGLE WEED (Ajuga)   Cheerful Heart, Lovable
BUGLOSS (Anchusa)   Falsehood
BULRUSH   Docile and Gentle, Indiscretion
BURDOCK   Importunity, Touch-Me-Not
BUTTERCUP   Cherrfulness, Natural Riches
BUTTERCUP(Wild)   Childishness, Ingratitude, Desire for Riches
BUTTERFLY-WEED   Sad Remembrance, Hope from Sorrow, Let Me Go
   

Section C.

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CABBAGE   Profit
CACTUS   Maternal Love, Endurance, My Heart Burns with Love
CACTUS   Grandeur, Warmth, Enduring Love
CALENDULA (Pot Marigold)   Winning Grace, Joy, Grace
CALENDULA   Presage, Overcomes trouble,grief & jealousy,
CALLA LILY (Zantadeschia)   With Me You Are Safe
CALYCANTHUS(Carolina Allspice)   Benevolence
CALYCANTHUS(Strawberry Bush)   Benevolence
CAMELLIA (General)   Admiration, Perfection, Good Luck Gift for a Man
CAMELLIA (General)   Loveliness, Gratitude
CAMELLIA (Pink)   Longing; Longing for You
CAMELLIA (Red)   Unpretending excellence,  Alas My Poor Heart 
CAMELLIA (Red)   You're a flame in my heart, Innate Warmth,Loveliness
CAMELLIA (White)   Adoration, Perfection, Loveliness, You are Adorable
CAMELLIA (White)   Perfected Loveliness,Without blemish 
CANNA LILY   Glorious, Magnificent Beauty
CHAMOMILE   Energy, Energy in/or overcoming adversity
CAMPANULA   Gratitude, Constancy in adversity, I Am So Grateful
CANDYTUFT   Sweetness, Stoic Beauty, Indifference, Wedding Flower
CANTERBURY BELLS   Gratitude, Acknowledgement, Obligation
CANTERBURY BELLS(Bell Flower)   Gratitude, Humility
CARDAMINE   Ardor, Parental Ardor; Paternal Error
CARDINAL FLOWER(Scarlet Lobelia)   Distinction
CARNATION (General)   Fidelity, Love, Pride and Beauty, Health and Energy
CARNATION (General)   Bonds of Love, Fascination, Devoted Love, Yes
CARNATION (General)   Divine Love, Distinction, Symbol of Woman, Divine Flower
CARNATION (General)   Classic Symbol of Love and Affection
CARNATION (Greek)   Flower of the Gods
CARNATION (Pink)   I'll Never Forget You, Women's Love, Maternal Love
CARNATION (Pink)   Mother's Undying Love, Tears of Virgin Mary for Her Son
CARNATION (Hot Pink)   Ardent Love
CARNATION (Purple)   Capriciousness, Changeable, Whimsical
CARNATION (Red)   Love, Admiration, Friendship, Pride, Passion
CARNATION (Red, spicy Deep Red)   My Heart Aches for You, Alas My Poor Heart, Passionate Love
CARNATION (Solid Colour))   Yes
CARNATION (Spain/Spanish Cultures)   Divine Flower for Strength, Protection and Healing
CARNATION (Striped)   No, Refusal, Sorry I Can't Be With You, Wish I Could Be With You
CARNATION (White)   Pure and Ardent Love, Sweet & Lovely, Innocence
CARNATION (White)   Faithfulness, Good Luck, Woman's Good Luck Gift
CARNATION (White)   Woman's or Mother's Symbol of Strength and Purity
CARNATION (Yellow)   Disappointment, Rejection, Disdain
CATALPA   Beware of the Coquette
CATCHFLY   Unchanging Friendship; Snair; Prentended Love
CATCHFLY (Night Flowering)   Night
CATCHFLY (RED)   Youthful Love, I Fall Victim
CATTAIL   Peace, Prosperity
CATTLEYA(Orchid)   Mature charms, Matronly Grace
CEDAR (General)   I live but for thee, Think of Me, Prosperity, Longevity
CEDAR (Tree)   Strength, Long Life, Drives away negative energies
CELANDINE(Cape Buttercup)   Joys to come
CELANDINE(Pilewort, Figwort)   Future Joy
CELOSIA (Princes Feather)   Unfading Love, I blush for you, Immortality
CENTAUREA (Bachelor Buttons)   Hope in Love, Devotion, Celibacy
CENTAUREA (Bachelor Buttons)   Delicacy, Refinement, Single Blessedness
CENTAURY (Centarium)   Delicacy
CERCUS(Redbud Tree)   Love Tree, sometimes betrayal
CEREUS (night-blooming)   Transient beauty, a spectacular moment
CHAENOMELES(Japanese Quince)   Symbolic of Luck, Prosperity, Good Fortune, Love
CHAMOMILE   Energy in adversity, Healing
CHAMOMILE(Golden Marguerite)   Patience, Attracts Wealth, Energy in Adversity
CHAMOMILE//ANTHEMIS   Energy in Action, Endurance and Healing
CHASTE TREE (Vitex)   Coldness
CHEIRANTHUS (Wallflower)   Faithful in Adversity, Fidelity, Lasting Beauty
CHERRY BLOSSOM (SINGLE)   Education, Endurance, Celebration of New Beginnings
CHERRY-BLOSSOM   Spiritual Beauty
CHERRY BLOSSOM (Japan)   Transience of Life
CHERRY BLOSSOM (China)   Feminine Beauty
CHERRY TREES   Education, Endurance, Celebration of New Beginnings
CHERRY TREE (Autumn/Winter Flowering)   Same meaning but can also represent deception, false hopes
CHERVIL   Sincerity
CHESTNUT BLOSSOM   Please Do Me Justice
CHESTNUT TREE    Justice, Justice Shall be Done, sometimes Luxury
CHESTNUT TREE (Horse)   Luxury
CHICKWEED   I Cling to Thee
CHICKWEED   Give an Account of Yourself, Rendezvous
CHICORY   Frugality
CHIVES   Protection, Courage, Strength
CHRISTMAS ROSE(Helleborus)   Wit, Relieve My Anxiety, A Beautiful Year Ahead
CHRYSANTHEMUM (General)   Love, Classic Love Flower, Abundance & Wealth, Cheerfulness, You're a Wonderful Friend
CHRYSANTHEMUM (General)   Long Life, Cheer, Joy, Truth, Optimism,  Rest
CHRYSANTHEMUM (European Tradition)   Symbol of Condolence used at funerals and on graves
CHRYSANTHEMUM (Japanese)   Symbol of the Emperor, the Sun, Lucky Golden Flowers
CHRYSANTHEMUM (Chinese)   Loveliness and Cheerfulness, Cheerfulness in Adversity
CHRYSANTHEMUM (Asian Traditions)   Flower of Nobility & Distinction, Object of Meditation
CHRYSANTHEMUM (Cushion & Hardy)   Fidelity
CHRYSANTHEMUM (Amethyst)   Power and Protection
CHRYSANTHEMUM (Bronze Shades)   Happy Hearth & Home, Joy, Long Life, Truth, Friendship
CHRYSANTHEMUM (Red)   Love, I Love, A Classic Love Symbol
CHRYSANTHEMUM (White)   Truth, Hope, Loyal Love, Pure & True Affections
CHRYSANTHEMUM (Yellow)   Happiness, also Slighted Love, Dejection
CINERARIA   Always Delighted, You are My Delight
CINERARIA   Ever Bright and Wonderful
CINNAMON   My Fortune is Yours
CINQUEFOIL   Beloved Child, Beloved Daughter
CISTUS (Rock Rose)   Popular Favour
CITRON (Citrus medica)   Natured beauty
CITRONELLA (Cymbopogan nardus)   Protection, Healing, Cleansing, Man's love
CLARKIA   Your Witty Conversation Delights Me
CLEMATIS (General))   Rest, Safety, Artifice, Filial Love
CLEMATIS (General))   Intelligence, Ingenuity, Intellectual, Clever
CLEMATIS(Hybrid Shades)   Mental Beauty, Love of Family (Sons, Daughters) 
CLEMATIS (Evergreen)   Ingenuity, Poverty overcome through Mental Ingenuity
CLEMATIS (Virgin's Bower)   Love of Brother, Sister, Son & Daughter
CLEOME (Spider Flower)   Elope With Me, Not So Bad As I Seem
CLIANTHUS   Self-seeking, worldliness
CLOTBUR   Rudeness
CLOVER (General)   Good Luck, Good Fortune, Be Mine, Faith, Hope, Love
CLOVER (Four-Leafed)   Four Leaves represent Faith, Hope, Luck , Love 
CLOVER (Four-Leafed)   When Given to Another: Luck Be With You, Be Mine
CLOVER (Four-Leafed)   When Given to a Lover: You Belong to Each Other, 
CLOVER (Four-Leafed)   A Classic Love Symbol
CLOVER (Red)   Industry
CLOVER (White)   Think of Me, I Promise
CLOVES & CLOVE TREE   Dignity
COBAEA (Catherdral Bells Vine)   Exciting News,sometimes Gossip, Knots or Bonds of Love
COCKOO Flower (Cardamine)   Ardor, Parental Ardor; Paternal Error
COLCHICUM (Meadow Saffron)   My Best Days Fled
COLTSFOOT (Sweet Scented)   Justice, Justice Shall Be Done
COLUMBINE (General)   Strength, Wisdom, Salvation, sometimes Folly
COLUMBINE (PURPLE)   Resolved to Win
COLUMBINE (RED)   Anxious Resolve
COMPASS FLOWER(Silphium)   Faith
CONEFLOWER (Purple) (Echinacea)   Strength and Health
CONEFLOWER (Yellow or Golden)   Justice, Impartiality and Strength
CONVOLVULUS (Bindweed)   Uncertainty, I want Your Support, Bonds; Dead Hope
CONVOLVULUS (General)   Bonds, Uncertainty
CONVOLVULUS( major)   Bonds of affection even with extinguished hopes
CONVOLVULUS (minor/blue)   Night, Repose, Bonds
CONVOLVULUS( pink)   Worth sustained by judicious and tender affection
CONVOLVUS(Morning Glory)   Bonds of Affection, Affection
COCKCOO PLANT (Cardamine)   Ardor
CORCHORUS   Return Quickly, Impatience of Happiness
CORDYLINE & BLOSSOM   Majesty, Honor, Purity of Heart
COREOPSIS   Always Cheerful, Love at First Sight, A Love Flower
CORIANDER   Hidden Worth, sometimes Lust
CORN ( or Maize)   Riches
CORN-(Blossom, Tassle, or Silks)   Riches, I Wish Riches For You, I Am Rich
CORN-COCKLE   Peerless and proud
CORNEL    Success crowned you
CORNEL TREE   Duration
CORNFLOWER   Delicacy, Refinement, Single Blessedness
CORNFLOWER   Delicacy, Refinement, Celibacy, Hope in Love, Devotion
CORNUS (Dogwood Species)   Charm, Finesse, Durability, I Admire Your Personality
CORONILLA (Crown Vetch)   Success to You
COSMOS   Innocent Beauty, Modesty,Universal Love Around the World
COWSLIP General)   Rusticity, Winning Grace, Healing, Youth, Pensiveness
COWSLIP (General)   Comeliness, Winning Grace, You Are My Divinity
COWSLIP (American)   Divine Beauty, A Beauty Divine, Grace, Beauty
COXCOMB   Foppery, Unfading Love
COXCOMB   Foppery, Affectation
CRABAPPLE-BLOSSOM   Overcomes Irritability
CRATAEGUS (Service Berry)   Harmony
CRANBERRY   Cure for Heartache
CREEPING CEREUS   Modest Genius; sometimes horror
CREPE MYRTLE   Eloquence
CRESS   Power, Stability, Always Reliable
CRINUM(Large Flowering)   Delicate Beauty, Lovely, Proud of Spirit, Majesty
CRINUM(Small & Fine Flowering)   Refined & Delicate  Beauty,Tenderness;Weakness
CROCUS(General)   Cheerfulness, Joy, Gladness, Abuse not
CROCUS (Saffron)   Mirth, Gladness, Gaiety
CROCUS (Autumn)    Thankful Good Cheer as Our Finest Days are Passing
CROCUS (Spring)     Youthful Gladness and Joy
CROWFOOT (Marsh)   Ingratitude
CROWFOOT (Meadow)   Perfidy
CROWN IMPERIAL (Fritillaria)   Majesty, Power, Pride of Birth, Arrogance
CURRANT   Thankfulness, Thy frown will destroy me
CUSCUTA(Dodder)   Meanness
CYCLAMEN   Resignation and Good-Bye
CYCLAMEN   Diffidence, I am Shy, Timidity, Lacking Self-Confidence
CYPRESS (Tree)   A sad tree representing mourning, death
CYPRESS (Boughs or Greenery)   Displayed as a talisman during death,despair,mourning
   

Section D.

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DAFFODIL (General & Great Yellow)   Regard, Respect, Chivalry, Unrequited Love
DAFFODIL (General)   Sunshine, The Sun Shines When I am With You
DAFFODIL (General or Single)   You Are The Only One, Unrequited Love
DAFFODIL (General)   Rebirth, Eternal Life, New Beginnings, Hope
DAFFODIL (Several or Bunch)   Joy, Happiness, Celebration
DAFFODIL (Single/Bent)   Misfortune
DAFFODIL(Wild Narcissus)         Regard, Respect, but can mean deceit, self-centered
DAFFODIL (Yellow  Giants)   Chivalry, can also mean vanity if mixed with wild narcissus
DAHLIA   Dignity, Elegance, Good Taste, Forever, Forever Thine
DAHLIA   Refinement, Novelty, sometimes instability
DAISY (General)   Loyal Love, I'll Never Tell, Love Conquers All, Beauty, Faith
DAISY( General)   Simplicity, Innocence, Purity, New Born, Cheer
DAISY (Coloured)   Beauty 
DAISY (Double)   Affection, Participation
DAISY (Garden)   I Share Your Sentiment
DAISY (Gloriosa/Rudbeckia)   Justice, Impartiality
DAISY (Red)   Beauty Unknown to Possessor
DAISY (Margueritte)   Variety, Oracle of the Meadows
DAISY (Michaelmas)   Afterthoughts, Memories, Farewell, Healthy Emotions
DAISY (Ox-Eye)   Patience, Attracts Wealth
DAISY (Wild, White or Single)   Innocence, I Will Think of It/You, Doest Thou Love Me?
DAMES ROCKET(Hesperis)   Evening, Evening Star, Soire'e Star
DANDELION   Wishes Come True, Faithful and Happy
DANDELION   Love's Oracle, Faithfulness, Happiness
DANDELION   Oracle, You are Like Love's Oracle, Rustic Oracle
DAPHNE CNEORUM(Rose Daphne)   I Desire to Please
DAPHNE ODORA(Winter Daphne)   I Would Not Have You Otherwise
DAPHNE (General)   Fame, glory
DAPHNE   Painting the Lily
DARNEL (Ryegrass)   Vice
DATE PLUM (Persimmon)   Resistance, Bury Me Amongst Nature's Beauty
DATURA (Angel's trumpets)   Fame, Kind thoughts of those departed
DAY LILY (General or Yellow)   Wealth and Pride, Success, also Coquetry
DAY LILY (Hemerocallis)   Chinese Emblem of the Mother
DEAD LEAVES   Sadness
DEADLY NIGHTSHADE   Falsehood
DELPHINIUM   Heavenly, Big-Hearted, Fun, Lightness, Levity, Airy
DEW-PLANT (Sundew & Ice Plant)   Serenade
DIANTHUS (See Pink)   Classic Symbol of Love and Affection
DIGITALIS (Foxglove)   Stately, Youth, Insincerity
DILL   Lust
DIOSMA   Your Simple Elegance Charms Me
DIOSMA   Your simple elegance charms me
DITTANY OF CRETE (White or Origanum)   Passion, Fire or Birth
DOCK   Patience
DODDER (Dodder of Thyme)(Epithymum)   Baseness, Meaness
DOG ROSE   Pleasure and Pain
DOGBANE   Falsehood, Deception
DOGWOOD(General & Tree)   Charm, Finesse, Durability
DOGWOOD (Flowering)   I Admire Your Personality and Social Abilities
DRACAENA   Inner Power
DRACAENA (Sanderiana)   Sacred "bamboo" symbolic of Luck, Prosperity, Fortune
DRAGON ROOT(Green)(Arum dracontium)   Ardor
DRAGON PLANT(Arum dranunculus)   Dread
   

Section E.

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ECHINACEA (Purple Coneflower)   Strength and Health
EDELWEISS(Alpine Cudweed)   Daring, Courage, Noble  Courage & Purity
EGLANTINE (Sweet Briar Rose)   Genius, Talent, Poetry, I Wound to Heal
ELDER (General & Tree or Shrub)   Compassion, Zealousness; End in the Beginning, Beginning in the End, Fairy Tree, Witches Abode
ELDERBERRY (Shrub)   Kindness, Zeal
ELDERBERRIES   Kindness, but also Sorrow and Remorse
ELDER FLOWER   Zeal, Kind Thoughts
ELM (American)   Patriotism
ELM (Tree)   Dignity, Grace, Mother, Earth Goddess
ELM (General & Foliage or Flowers)   Protection, Warn of Others, Purification of tainted areas
ENCHANTER'S NIGHTSHADE (Circaea)   Witchcraft, Sorcery
ENDIVE   Frugality
EPIGAEA (Mayflower,Trailing Arbutus)   Budding
EREMURUS   Endurance
ESCHSCHOLTZIA (California Poppy)   Wealth & Success, Do not refuse me
EUCALYPTUS   Protection
EUPATORIUM (Hardy Ageratum)   Delay, I (It)  Will Be Delayed
EUPHORBIA   Persistence
EVERLASTING   Never Ceasing Memory, Perpetual Remembrance
EYEBRIGHT (Euphrasia)   Cheer Up 
   

Section F.

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FENNEL   Worthy of Praise, Strength, Flattery, Praise
FERN (General)   Sincerity, Confidence, Shelter, Facsination, Magic
FERN (Maidenhair)   Secret Bond of Love, Discretion
FERN (Royal)   Reverie
FEVERFEW(Tanacitum, Tansy)   Protection, Good Health
FIELD RUSH   Docility
FIG (Tree)   Fertility, Strength, Energy , Health, Joviality
FIG (Fruit or Foliage)   Argument, I Keep My Secret, Antidote to Poison
FIG MARIGOLD (Mesembryanthemum)   Cold hearted, Rejected, Idleness
FILBERT   Reconciliation
FIR (Tree)   Time, Height, Cleverness, Adaptability, Ability to Change
FIR (Tree)   Spirit of the Forest, That Which Goes Forward, Elevation
FIR (Foliage)   Adaptability, Elevation, Will, Desire, All-Seeing
FLAX (European/Linum Species)   Domestic Symbol, Industry, Fate, I Feel Your Kindness
FLAX (New Zealand/Phormium)   Tenacity, Holding Fast, Basket, Wickerwork
FLEUR-DE-LIS (European Water Iris)   Message, Emblem of France
FLOWERING ALMOND   Hope
FLOWERING REED   Confide in Heaven
FLOWER-OF-AN-HOUR   Delicate beauty
FLOWERS (Fresh, Kept Indoors)   Improves & Increases Positive Feng Chi Energy Flow, Calming, promotes Relaxation
FLYTRAP (Venus Flytrap)   Deception, Caught at Last, Duplicity
FORGET ME NOT (Myosotis)   True Love, Memories, Hope, Remembrance
FORGET-ME-NOT   Constancy, Best Love, Forget-Me-Not
FORSYTHIA (Asian cultures)   Symbol of Luck, Propserity, Good Fortune, Love
FORSYTHIA   Anticipation
FOUR-LEAFED CLOVER   Be mine; Good Luck: Faith, Hope, Luck, Love (see Clover)
FOUR-O'CLOCK   The Chameleon,Timidity, Evening Beauty, Sweet Dreams
FOUR POISONS (The Ancient Ones)   Aconite,Helleborous, Hemlock, Nightshade
FOXGLOVE   Stateliness,Young Manliness,Youth,sometimes insincerity
FOXTAIL GRASS   Sporting
FRAXINELLA( Gas plant)   Fire
FREESIA   Innocence, Trust, Thoughtfulness
FRITILLARIA   Majesty, Power, Pride of Birth, Arrogance
FUCHSIA (General)   Confiding love, Good Taste
FUCHSIA (Scarlet)   Will You Confide in Love, Delicate Charms, Taste
FULLER'S TEASEL   Misanthropy
FUMITORY   Spleen, Gall
FURZE (Gorse)   Love for All Occasions, Enduring Affection
FURZE (Gorse)(Thorny Branches Only)   Anger 
   

Section G.

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GAILLARDIA (Blanket Flower)   Aristocratic, Vivid, Vibrant
GARDEN DAISY   (I) Share your Sentiments
GARDENIA   You're Lovely, Secret love, Purity, Refinement
GARDENIA   Ecstasy, Joy, Sweet Love, Good Luck
GARLANDS (Roses; Bay or Myrtle)   Reward of Virtue; Victory, Conquest or Success
GARLIC   Courage, Strength, Get well, Ward Off Evil & Illness
GARLIC CHIVES   Protection, Strength and Courage
GENETIAN (Fringed)   Intrinsic Worth, I Look to Heaven, Autumn
GENTIAN (General & Fringed)   Loveliness
GENTIAN (Closed)   Sweet Be Thy Dreams
GERANIUM (Pelargoniums)(General)   True Friend, Comfort, Gentility, Peaceful Mind
GERANIUM(General/Dark-Side)   Childishness, Stupidity, Folly
GERANIUM (Apple)   Present Preference
GERANIUM(Darker or Clouded Shades)   Melancholy
GERANIUM (Fish)   Disappointed Expectation
GERANIUM (Horseshoe)   Stupidity
GERANIUM (Ivy)   Favour,Bridal Favour,Your Hand for Next Dance
GERANIUM (Lemon)   Unexpected Meeting
GERANIUM (Nutmeg)   I Expect a Meeting, Expected Meeting
GERANIUM (Oak-Leafed)   True Friendship, Lady, Deign to Smile
GERANIUM (Penciled)   Ingenuity
GERANIUM( Peppermint)   Invigoration, Inspiration, Healing
GERANIUM (Rose or Pink)   Preference
GERANIUM (Scarlet)   Comforting, Consolation, Melancholy
GERANIUM (Silver-Leafed)   Recall
GERANIUM (Wild)   Steadfast Piety
GERBERA   Innocence, Purity
GILLYFLOWER (Stock)   Bonds of Affection, Enduring/lasting beauty, She is fair,
GIILYFLOWER (Wall Flower)   Fidelity in Adversity, Promptness
GINGER   Strength, Safety, Warmth, Comfort, Pleasant
GLADIOLI   Generosity, I'm Sincere, Flower of the Gladiators
GLADIOLI   Love at First Sight
GLADIOLI   Strength of Character, Ready-armed, Splendid Beauty
GLADIOLI   Remembrance, Admiration, Give Me A Break
GLOBE AMARANTH   Unfading Eternal Love, Immortality
GLORIOSA DAISY (Rudbeckia)   Justice, Impartiality, Love Conquers All
GLOXINIA   Love at first sight, A Proud Spirit
GOAT'S RUE   Reason
GODETIA (Satin Flower)   Fascination; Sincerity; Love Flower
GOLDENROD   Encouragement, Precaution, Be Cautious, Protection
GOOSEBERRY   Anticipation
GOOSEFOOT   Goodness, sometimes Insult
GORSE   Endearing Affection, Love in All Seasons
GOURD(Vine, Flowers & Fruit)   Support, Prosperity
GRAPE  (Vines)   Intoxication, Bonds
GRAPE (Wild)   Charity, Mirth, Joy, Gaiety
GRASS   Submission, Utility
GRASS (Lemon or Citronella)   Homosexual or Man's Love, Energising,  Fresh Start
GUELDER ROSE(Snowball)   Winter
GYPSOPHILA (Baby's Breath)   Everlasting Love, Innocence, Pure of Heart
   

Section H.

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HAREBELL(Campanula)   Humility, Grief, Submission
HARLEQUIN   Laugh at trouble
HAWKWEED   Quick-sighted
HAWTHORN (Tree)   Hope, Love & Marriage, Banishes Strife, Protection
HAWTHORN (Tree)   Fairy Tree, Meant to Overcome Harshness
HAWTHORN (Foliage, Flowers, Wood)   All parts used in Witchcraft, Caution, Hostility
HAZEL (Tree)   Reconciliation, Divination, Marriage protection, Poetic Inspiration, Meditation, Knowlege, Wisdom
HAZEL (Tree)   Ancient Sacred Food Tree of Knowledge and Inspiration
HAZEL NUT   Attraction, Loss of Inhibition, Strengthens Will Power 
HAZEL NUT   Mystical Powers, Divination, Foresight
HEART'S EASE(Purple Johnny-Jump-Up)   You Occupy My Thoughts
HEARTSEASE   Modesty, Pleasant thoughts, Think of me, 
HEATRSEASE   You Occupy My Thoughts, I Am Always Thinking Of You
HEATH   Solitude
HEATHER (General)   Cleansing, Good Luck, Admiration
HEATHER (Lavender)   Admiration, Solitude, Beauty, Listen to your bodies message
HEATHER (White)   Protection, Wishes Will Come True, Tranquility
HELENIUM (Sneezeweed)   Tears
HELIOTROPE (General)   Herb of Love,Devotion, Healing, Eternal Love, Faithfulness
HELIOTROPE (Cherry Pie)   Godly Devotion,Eagerness, Forgiveness, Acceptance
HELIOTROPE (Turnsol)    Intoxicated with Joy, Intoxication Of Love
HELLEBORE(Winter/Christmas Rose)   Tranquility,Protection against Calumny,Scandal or Anxiety, A Beautiful Year Ahead, Wit
HELLEBORE(Winter/Christmas Rose)   Relieve My Anxiety, Tranquilize Me
HEMEROCALLIS (Day Lily)   Wealth, Success, Pride, Emblem of Mother, Coquetry
HEMLOCK (Herb and Evergreen)   You will cause my death, One of the Four Poisons
HEMP   Fate, Blessings of Fate
HENBANE (Hyoscyamus)   For Males to Attract Love from Females, Love Spells
HENS-AND-CHICKENS   Welcome Home (No Matter What)
HEPATICA (Anemone nobilis)   Confidence, Trust
HIBISCUS(Flower)   Tropical Love Flower,Consumed by Love, Delicate Beauty
HIBISCUS(Shrub)   Peace, Happiness, Rare Beauty
HIPPEASTRUM(See Amaryllis)   Splendid Beauty, Proud and Lovely
HOLLOWROOT(Adoxa)   Weakness
HOLLY(Tree or Shrub)   Protection, Domestic Happiness, Symbol of Life/Man/Rebirth
HOLLY(Tree or Shrub)   Good Fortune,Holy, Sacred Plant of Saturn,Enchantment
HOLLY (Any Part)   Foresight, Growth and Persistence, Forecast, Defense
HOLLY (Berries)   Christmas Joy, Enchantment
HOLLYHOCK   Fruitfulness, Fecundity, Ambition, Devotion to Love
HOLLYHOCK (White)   Female Ambition
HONESTY(Lunaria, Money Plant)   Honesty, Fascination, Sincerity
HONEYSUCKLE   Bonds of Love, Sweetness of Disposition
HONEYSUCKLE   Devoted Affection, I Love You
HONEYSUCKLE (Coral)   The Bond of Love, Pursue Your Desire, Experience Pleasure
HONEYSUCKLE (Coral)   Fidelity, Generous and Devoted Love or Affection 
HOPS   Injustice, Mirth
HORNBEAM   Ornament
HORSE-CHESTNUT   Luxury
HOSTA   Devotion, similar to Lily
HOUSELEEK   Domestic Industry or Economy; Vivacity
HOUSTONIA   Contentment
HOUSTONIA/BLUET/QUAKER LADIES   Content
HOYA/WAX PLANT   Sculptured loveliness, constancy, pure loveliness
HUCKLEBERRY   Faith, Simple Pleasures
HYACINTH(General)   Constancy, Pure Loveliness, Sport, Games, Play, Joy
HYACINTH (General)   Flower of Apollo,Gay Flower, sometimes Rashness
HYACINTH (Expanded)   Benevolence, Joyful Love
HYACINTH (Blue)   Constancy, Consistency, Given to Departing Friends
HYACINTH (Purple)   Consistency, Loveliness, I'm sorry, Please forgive me, sorrow
HYACINTH (Apricot, Peach,Pink, Red)   Playful Joy, Play
HYACINTH (White)   Modest or Unobtrusive Loveliness, Purity, Simplicity
HYACINTH (White)   Unobtrusive Loveliness, I'll pray for you
HYACINTH (Yellow)   Constancy, sometimes Jealousy
HYDRANGEA (Shrub)   Devotion to a Noble Cause or Love, Unveiling
HYDRANGEA (Foliage & Flowers)   Thank You for Understanding, sometimes Heartlessness
HYSSOP   Cleanliness,Purification, Holy Herb wards off evil or evil spirits
   

Section I.

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IBERIS (Candytuft)   Sweetness, Stoic Beauty, Indifference, Wedding Flower
ICE-PLANT   Old Beau, Rejected, Your looks freeze me, Idleness
ICELAND MOSS(Cetraria)   Health
INDIAN CRESS( Nasturtium)   Resignation, Victory
IPOMEA (Morning Glory)   I Attach Myself to You
IRIS(General)   Faith, Wisdom, Promise in Love, Hope, Valor
IRIS(General)   A Rainbow, Greek Goddess Iris the Messenger of Love
IRIS (General)   Message from Heavan, My Compliments, Eloquence,
IRIS(General)   Messenger of Love, Symbol of Communication
IRIS(General)   Valued Friendship, Passion
IRIS (Dutch)   Message, My Compliments, Eloquence
IRIS (German)   Flame
IRIS (SweetFlag)   Fitness
IRIS (Blue)   Faith, Hope, Wisdom, Health
IRIS (Purple)   Wisdom, Compliments
IRIS (White)   Purity
IRIS(European Wild Water Iris)   Fleur-De-Lis, Emblem of France, Message
IRIS (Yellow)   Passion
IVY(General)   Wedded Love, Fidelity, Friendship, Affection, Dependence
IVY(General)   Bonds of Fidelity, Friendship, Marriage, Wedded love, Links to Others
IVY (Leaf)   Friendship
IVY (Sprig of White Tendrils)   Anxious to Please, Affection
IVY (Vine)   Matrimony, Marriage
IXIA   Happiness
   

Section J.

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JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT(Arisaema)   Continued Happiness, Love-Springs-Eternal
JACOB'S-LADDER   Grace and Elegance, Wealth, Please Come Down
JADE PLANT/TREE(Crassula ovata)   Symbol of Good Fortune, Wealth, Health and Happiness
JADE PLANT(ground-planted (Asian)   Very Best Lucky Symbol, Lucky Guardian
JAPONICA (Flowering Quince)   Sincerity, Symbol of Love, Luck, Prosperity, Good Fortune
JASMINE (General)   Grace, Elegance,Wealth, Amiability, I am so Happy
JASMINE (Cape)   I am too happy 
JASMINE (Caroline)   Separation 
JASMINE (Indian)   Attraction, I Attach Myself to You, Attachment
JASMINE (Spanish)   Sensuality
JASMINE (White)   Amiability, Sensuality, Attachment
JASMINE (Yellow)   Grace, Elegance, Modesty 
JERUSALEM OAK   Your Love is Reciprocated
JONQUIL   Love Me, Affection Returned, Desire, Sympathy
JONQUIL   Can you return my love?, I desire a return of your affection
JUDUS-TREE (Cercus or Redbud)   Betrayal, Unbelief, Beauty and strength in the face of
JUNIPER   Succour, Protection, Perfect Loveliness, Aid
JUSTICIA   Perfection of female loveliness
   

Section K.

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KENNEDIA   Intellectual Beauty
KALMIA (Mountain Laurel)   Treachery
KANGAROO PAW   Unequal, oblique
KINGCUP (Trollis)   Riches, I wish I were rich
KINGSPEAR(Aspodelus/Onionweed)   Regret
KOELREUTERIA(Golden Rain Tree)   I Claim Your Esteem, can mean Dissention
KUMQUAT(Branches in Fruit)(Asia)   Symbol of Good Fortune, Gold, Wealth, Health, Happiness
   

Section L.

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LABURNUM (Golden Chain Tree)   Forsaken, Pensive Beauty
LABURNUM (Cytisus/Medik)   Blackness
LADY'S SLIPPER (Orchid)   Win and Wear Me, Capricious Beauty
LADY'S SMOCK (CuckooFlower)   Ardor
LADY'S THIMBLE (Harebell, Bellflower)   Grief, submission
LADY'S-TRESSES(Spiranthes)   Bewitching grace
LAGERSTROMIA (Crepe Mrtyle)   Eloquence
LAMB'S-EARS   Support
LANTANA   Rigor, I am Unyielding, Severity
LAPAGERIA   There is no unalloyed good
LARCH   Audacity, Boldness, can also mean fickleness
LARCH (Tree)   Protection, Clear Vision,Wards off Evil
LARKSPUR (General)   Levity, An Open Heart, Lightness, Ardent Attachment
LARKSPUR (Pink)   Light Hearted, Changeable, Fickleness 
LARKSPUR (Purple)   Big Hearted, First Love,Haughtiness, Ambition
LAUREL (Mountain Rowan)   Ambition,Healing,Empowerment, Divination, Tree of Life
LAUREL (General)   Victory (that overcomes perfidy or treachery)
LAUREL (General)   Glory, Ambition, Victory, Success
LAUREL (Bay Tree)(Sweet Bay)   Famous & Noteable, Triumph of Humanity
LAUREL(Ground)   Perseverance, Token 
LAUREL (General)   Glory, Ambition, Victory
LAURESTINE   Devoted to you, I die if neglected
LAURISTINUS   Cheerful in Adversity, Delicate Attentions
LAVATERA   Sweet Disposition
LAVENDER (General)   Luck, Loyalty, Love, Devotion, Acknowledgment
LAVENDER   Calming, Healing: overcomes distrust, failure, sadness
LEATHERLEAF FERN   Fascination, Fidelity, I promise to be true, discretion
LEAVES (dead)   Saddness
LEMONS & LIMES   Zest,Divine Healing,Removes Sadness,Brings Affection
LEMON BALM   Pleasantries, Healing and Relief, Sympathy
LEMON BALM   Brings love, Discretion, Divination, Happiness
LEMON BLOSSOM   Everlasting & Faithful Love, Fidelity, I Promise to be True
LEMON LEAVES   Fidelity in Love; I Promise to be True, Brings Love
LEMON GRASS(Cymbopogan citratus)   Energising, Fresh Start, Man's Love
LEMON TREES   Zeal, Fidelity, Healing, Love Trees
LEMON VERBENA   Attracts Love and Fidelity, Attracts Opposite Sex
LENTEN ROSE (Helleborus)   A Beautiful Year Ahead, Wit Relieve My Anxiety
LETTUCE   Cold-hearted or saddness. Do You Still Love Me? 
LICHEN   Confidence, dejection, refusal, solitude
LILAC (Purple)   Fastidiousness, First Love, First Emotions of Love
LILAC (White)   Youthful Innocence, Solitude 
LILAC(General)   Earliest First Love, Fraternal Love, Memory, Humility
LILAC (General)   Beauty, Pride, Confidence, You Shall Be Happy Yet
LILAC (Purple)   First Emotions of Love
LILAC (White)   Beauty, Pride, Confidence, First Emotions of love
LILY (General)   Purity, Majesty, Wealth, Chinese Emblem for Mother
LILY (General)   Honor, Purity of Heart, Innocence, Pride
LILY (Belladonna)   Pure Loveliness, I Dream of You, You Are My Dream
LILY (Calla)   Beauty and Loveliness, Maiden Modesty 
LILY (Canna)   Glorious, Magnificent Beauty
LILY (Daylily)   Wealth,Pride; Coquetry; Chinese Emblem for Mother
LILY (Eucharis)   Beauty, Maidenly Charms
LILY (Orange)   I Burn for You,  Flame, Fascination, can symbolize hatred or dislike
LILY(Scarlet)   High Souled Aspirations, A Lofty Spirit
LILY (Tiger)   Wealth and Pride, Success, also Coquetry
LILY (Tiger)   Majesty and Honour, Purity of Heart
LILY (Yellow)   Magnificent Beauty, Youthful Innocence, Golden Prosperty
LILY (Yellow)   I'm Walking on Air, Gratitude, Gaiety, also falsehood
LILY (Water)   Beauty, Purity of Heart
LILY (White)   Purity, Majesty, Modesty, Virginity and Sweetness
LILY (White)   Heavenly to be with You, You are both Sweet and Pure
LILY (White)   Loveliness,Purity of Spirit,Sacred Flower of Virgin Mary
LILY(White)   Flower of Juno, Roman Queen Goddess
LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY   Return of Happiness, Humility, Sweetness, Chastity
LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY   Happy Tears of the Virgin Mary, Perfect Purity of Heart
LILY-Of-THE-VALLEY   Love's Good Fortune, You've Made My Life Complete
LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY (Ireland)   Fairy Ladders, The Ladder to Heaven
LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY(Plants)   Protects a Garden Against Evil/Evil Spirits
LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY (Shrub (Pieris)   Happy Thoughts, Happiness Through the Ages
LIME (Tree and Flowers)   Conjugal Love, Wedded Love,Matrimony, Fornication
LINDEN( All Parts & Tree)   Conjugal love, Matrimony
LISIANTHUS   Kind Thoughts, Outgoing
LIVING PLANTS   Growth, Everlasting
LIVE-OAK   Liberty, Manliness
LIVERWORT   Constancy, Permanence, Confidence
LOBELIA (Spiking)   Distiguished
LOBELIA (low-growing)   Malevolence
LOBELIA(Cardinal)   Distinction
LOCUST   Affection Beyond the Grave, Platonic Love
LONDON-PRIDE (Saxifraga)   Frivolity
LOTUS   Purity, Chastity, Elegance,Holy Spiritual Flower
LOTUS   Recantation
LOTUS (Plants)   Estranged Love
LOQUAT(Japanese Medlar Plum)   Pure and Ardent Love, Personal Warmth and Comfort.
LOVE -IN-A-MIST   You Puzzle Me, Perplexity
LOVE-LIES-BLEEDING(Amaranthus)   Desertion, Hopeless but not Heartless
LUCERNE   Life, Breath of Life
LUNGWORT   Thou Art My Life
LUPINE(General)   Imagination, Admiration
LUPINE (Field)   Always Happy ;Voraciousness
LUPINE (Rose)   Fanciful 
LUPINE (White)   Always HappyVoraciousness
LYCHNIS(Campion)(Maltese Cross)   Religious Enthusiasm, Sweetness, Beauty, Wit
LYCHNIS(Scarlet)   Sunbeaming Eyes
   

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MADDER   Calumny, or can as a protectant  against slander
MADDER (Yellow)   Tranquility
MAGNOLIA (General)   Nobility, Perseverance, Noble Spirit, Dignity
MAGNOLIA (General)   Benevolence, High-souled, Love of Nature
MAGNOLIA (General)   Magnificent and Splendid Beauty, Magnificence
MAGNOLIA (Chinese)   Love of Nature
MAGNOLIA (Deciduous)   Bonds of Love, Secret Bond of love
MAGNOLIA (Grandiflora)   Proud and Peerless
MAGNOLIA (Swamp)   Perseverance
MAIDENHAIR FERN   Discretion
MAIZE (Corn)   Riches
MALLOW (General)   Delicate Beauty, Sweetness, Consumed by Love
MALLOW (Marsh)   Beneficient
MANCHINEEL   I Wound to Soothe, Betrayal
MANDRAKE   Overcomes grief,  fear, horror; Scarcity
MANUKA (Lepstspermum, Tea Tree)   Healing,Strong Health, Maori Ocean Going Canoe, Waka
MAPLE   Divination, Love, Reserve, Retirement, Draws together  
MAPLE (Tree)   Success, Abundance
MARJORUM   Kindness, Courtesy
MARGUERITTE DAISY   Variety,  Oracle of the Meadows
MARIGOLD (General)   Health, Sacred Golden Light, Flower of Mary:Mary's Gold
MARIGOLD (General)   Sacred Sea of Gold, Overcomes grief, despair, jealousy
MARIGOLD (African)   Golden Prosperity, Overcomes vulgar minds 
MARIGOLD (Common)   Pretty Love, Sacred, Affection, Caress, Overcomes Sorrow
MARIGOLD (French)   Comforts the Heart, Overcomes jealousy
MARIGOLD(Marsh or Cape)   Splendour, Presage
MARIGOLD(Pot Marigold also)   Sacred Flower of India, Winning Grace, Joy
MARJORAM   Joy, Happiness, Blushes
MARSHMALLOW   Beneficence in Consent
MARVEL OF PERU(Four O'Clock)   Timidity
MATRICARIA (Chamomile)   Patience, Attracts Wealth, Energy in Adversity, Healing
MATRICARIA (Chamomile)   Endurance, Protection
MAY (see Hawthorn)   Hope, Protection, Welcome
MEADOW SAFFRON   My Best Days Are Gone, The Best Has Passed
MEADOWSWEET   Uselessness
MESEMBRYANTHEMUM    Idleness, Cold Hearted or Rejected
MEZEREON (Daphne Mezereum)   Desire to Please
MICHAELMAS DAISY(New England Aster)   (Belgian Aster)   Variety, Delicacy, Patience, Love Vibrations, Health, Healthy Emotions, Love & Contentment
MIGNONETTE (Resida)   Your qualities Surpass your Charms, Health, Worth
MILFOIL(Achillea)   War
MILK VETCH   Your presence softens my pain
MILK-VETCH   Your presence softens my pain, comfort
MILKWEED   Hope in misery
MILKWORT (Polygala)   Hermitage
MIMOSA   Secret Love, Sensitivity, Exquisite, Fastidious
MINT   Virtue, Protection (from Illness), Warmth of Feeling
MINT   Let Us Be Friends Again, You Are Virtuous
MIRABILIS(Marvel of Peru, 4 O'Clock, Mirror Bush)   The Chameleon,Timidity,Evening Beauty,Sweet Dreams
MISTLETOE   Sacred Plant of India, Magical Plant of the Druids
MISTLETOE   Kiss Me,  I Want to be Kissed,   You Will Be Happy Yet, I Surmount All Difficulties, Affection
MOCK ORANGE (Philadelphus)   Resourcefulness, Alternatives; sometimes Counterfeit
MOCK-ORANGE   Memories,  Overcomes deceit and counterfeit
MONARDA (Bee Balm)   Irresistible; Your Whims are Unbearable
MONKSHEAD   Danger is Near, A Deadly Foe is Near,Beware;Chivalry
MONKSHOOD   Chivalry against danger
MOONFLOWER(Vining)   I Only Dream of Love
MOONWORT(Honesty/Lunaria)   Sincerity,Fascination, Honesty; Forgetfulness
MORNING-BRIDE Scabiosa)   I have lost all
MORNING GLORY (Vining)   Affection, Affectation, Bonds of Love, Bonds, Departure
MORNING GLORY (Vining)   Greet(s) the New Day, Loves You
MOSCHATEL (Hollowroot/Adoxa)   Weakness
MOSS (General)   Maternal Love, Charity
MOSS (Hair Moss)   Secret 
MOSS ROSEBUD (Portulacca)   Superior, Confession of love
MOTHERWORT   Secret Love, Concealed Love
MOUNTAIN ASH   Prudence
MOURNING-BRIDE (Scabiosa)   Unfortunate attachments
MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED   Simplicity
MUGWORT/WORMWOOD(Artemisia)   Tranquillity, Happiness, Peace
MULBERRY (Black)(Tree or Fruit)   Devotedness, I Shall Not Survive You, Sadness
MULBERRY (White)(Tree or Fruit)   Wisdom, Prudence
MULLEIN   Good Nature, Take Courage
MUSHROOM   Suspicion,  Surprise
MUSK-PLANT   Be Bolder
MUSTARD   I Smart, I Am Hurt
MYRRH   Gladness
MYRTLE (General)   Love, Joy, Fidelity, Hebrew Emblem of Marriage
MYRTLE (General)   Love in Absence, Remembrance
MYRTLE (Wax)   Discipline, Instruction, Duty
   

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NANDINA   My Love Will Grow Warmer
NARCISSUS (General & Hybrids)   Formality, Stay As Sweet As You Are, Self-Esteem
NARCISSUS (General Field)   Egotism, Self Admiration, You Love Yourself too Well
NARCISSUS (Double)   Female Ambition
NARCISSUS (Paper White)   Sweetness, You Are Sweet
NARCISSUS (Single White N.Poeticus)   Selfishness
NASTURTIUM   Victory (In Battle), Patriotism, Conquest, Resignation
NASTURTIUM(Especially Pastel Shades)   Maternal Love, Charity
NERIUN (Oleander)(Rose Bay)   Distrust, Caution, Beware
NETTLE   Slander, You are Spiteful, Cruelty, Don't Sting Me
NIGHT BLOOMING CEREUS   Lovely Transient Beauty; Radiant or Sweet Beauty
NIGHTSHADE   Truth, Silence; also Your Thoughts are Dark
NOSEGAY (Bouquet)   Gallantry
NUTS   Stupidity
   

Section O.

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OAK ( King of Forest Trees)   Hospitality, Healing, Health, Strength and Money, Widows symbol, Endurance, Majesty, Wisdom, Doorway of Mysteries, Protection, Potency and Fertility, Luck, Wisdom
OAK LEAVES   Bravery, Strength
OAT   I Love Your Music, You Satisfy Me
OENOTHERA(Evening/Tree Primrose)   Inconstancy
OLEANDER(Nerium/Rose Bay)   Caution, Beware, Distrust
OLIVES   Peace and Prosperity
OLIVE TREE   Peace, Fruitfulness, Security and Money
OLIVE BRANCH   Peace, Happiness in Love
ONIONWEED(Aspodelus)   Regret
OPHRYS (Bee Orchid)   Industry, sometimes Mistake
OPHRYS (Black Spider Orchid)   Dexterity
ORANGE BLOSSOM   Innocence, Eternal Love, Marriage, Fruitfulness
ORANGE BLOSSOM   Bridal Festivities, Purity, Generosity, Eternal Love
ORANGE BLOSSOM   Equals Your Loveliness, Brings Wisdom, Chastity
ORANGE (Fruits)   Symbolic of Golden Pieces, Good Luck, Fortune
ORANGE TREE   Generosity, Love & Fruitful Marriage, Purity, Loveliness
ORANGE, MOCK (Philadelphus)   Resourcefulness, Memories, Alternatives
ORCHID (General)   Love, Rare Beauty,Chinese Symbol for Many Children
ORCHID (General)   Thoughtfulness, You Flattery Me, Refinement
ORCHID (Asian Cultures)   Symbols of Strength, Endurance, Good Energy, Luck
ORCHID (Bee)   Industry sometimes Mistake
ORCHID (Butterfly)   Gaiety 
ORCHID (Cattleya)   Mature Charm, Matronly Grace, Beautiful Lady
ORCHID (Cymbidium)   Love and Beauty, Long Life
ORCHID (Dendrobium)    A Belle, Beautiful Lady, Precious Treasure
ORCHID (Oncidium)   A Beautiful Lady or Person, A Belle
ORCHID (Phalaenopsis)   You are a Belle, You Flatter Me
ORCHID (Slipper/Ladies Slipper)   Win and Wear Me, Capricious Beauty
OREGANO   Joy
OSMANTHUS   Protection, Happiness, Good Fortune, Prosperity, 
OSMUNDA (Royal & Cinnamon Fern)   I Dream of Thee, Revery
OXALIS (Shamrock)   Joy, Light Heartedness
OXEYE (Daisy)   Patience, Be patient, Attracts Wealth
   

Section P.

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PALM   Victory, Strength
PALM LEAVES   Victory & Success
PANDANUS (Tree & Foliage)   Magic, Devotion; Death and Bad Luck
PANSY   Thoughts, Kind or Pleasant Thoughts (You Occupy My Thoughts)
PANSY   Modesty, Think of Me (When I am Departed), Reflection
PANSY   Loyalty, Merriment, Pleasantries
PAPERWHITE NARCISSUS   Aphrodisiac (Intoxicating Scent), National Flower of Wales, Sweetness
PARSLEY   Useful Knowledge,Festivity,Gaiety, Feast,Gratitude,Thanks
PASQUE FLOWER   Unpretentious, You Have No Claims
PASSION FLOWER   Faith, Religious Passion, Belief
PASSION FLOWER   Faith, Holy Love, Religious Fervour and Superstition
PEA (General, Vine & Fruits)   Appoint a Meeting, Lasting Pleasure (Everlasting)
PEA (Flower)   Mental Beauty
PEACH (Blossom)   I am Your Captive, Love, Divination, Longevity, Long Life
PEACH (Tree)   Love and Divination, Long and Prosperous Life
PEAR   Affection
PEAR (Blossom)   Affections, Lasting friendship, More than Just Lovely
PEAR (Tree)   Comfort
PELARGONIUM   Eagerness
PENNYROYAL   Flee away, Abortive, You Had Better Go
PENSTEMON (Western Bellflower)   Spiritual Knowledge, Man & Godhead, Understanding
PEONY General)   Good Health and Prosperity, Compassion
PEONY (General & Hybrids)   Happy Marriage and Happy Life, Aphrodisiac
PEONY (Common Field)   Bashfulness, Shame; sometimes Anger and Indignation
PEPPER-FLOWER   Satirical Thoughts
PEPPERMINT   Cordiality, Warmth of Feeling
PERIWINKLE (BlueTrailing)   Early Friendship, Friendship, Early Recollections
PERIWINKLE (WhiteTrailing)   Harmony, Pleasure of Memory, Sweet Remembrance 
PERIWINKLE(Vinca major & Myrtle)   Early Recollections, Pleasures of Memories, Sweet Memories
PERSICARIA(Polygonums & Knotweeds)   Restoration
PERSIMMON (Fruits & Shrub)   Bury Me Amid Nature’s Beauties
PERSIMMON (Blossom)   I Shall Surprise You By and By; Bury Me Amongst Natural Beauty
PETUNIA(General)   Your Presence Soothes Me (against resentment and anger)
PETUNIA(General & Hybrids)   You Soothe Me, Never Despair
PETUNIA(Wild Field)   Resentment and Anger, But I Never Despair
PHEASANT'S EYE(Adonis)   Sorrowful Memories, I Cannot Forget You
PHILADELPHUS (Mock Orange)   Memories, Resourcefulness
PHLOX (General)   Agreement(s), Our Souls & Hearts are United, Unanimity
PHLOX (Star-Shaped)   Affability, Trying to Please You, Sweet Dreams
PIMPERNEL(Red) (Anagallis)   Appointment, Assignation, Change
PIN CUSHION (Scabious)   Admiration;Widowhood; Comfort in Loss of Someone 
PINE(Boughs, Foliage, Cones)   Hope,Philosophy, Purification,Friendship,sometimes Pity
PINE (Cone)   Conviviality, (Renewal of) Life
PINE (Tree)   Purification of Health, Fortune, Fertility, Prosperity, Daring, Spiritual Energy, Vigorous Life
PINEAPPLE   Perfection,You are Perfect, Always Lovely, Good Luck
PINEAPPLE SAGE(Salvia rutilans)   Hospitality, Happy Home
PINK (General)   Pure Affection, Classic Love Flower, Boldness
PINK (Clove/ D. Caryophyllus)   True Love, Dignity
PINK (Dianthus/Indian)   You are Aspiring, Always Lovely 
PINK(Dianthus/ Double Indian)   Pure Love, Always Lovely, Boldness
PINK (Dianthus/Double Red)   Ardent love, Pure Love
PINK (Dianthus/ Mountain)   Aspiration, You are Aspiring
PINK (Dianthus/Variegated)   Always Lovely and Happy, also Refusal with Greatest Respect
PINK (Mountain)   You Are Aspiring
PINK (Musk/ D. Moschatus)   Childishness
PINK(Single)   Pure love
PINK(Yellowish/D. Luteus)   Unreasonableness, A Difficult Love
PINK (Dianthus/White)   Fascination, Talent , Ingenious, You are Fair
PLANE TREE (Platanus)   Genius
PLUM (Hydrids & Prune)   Promise, Hope, Hope for Tomorrow
PLUM TREE (General)   Longevity, Fidelity
PLUM (Wild/Sylvestris)   Independence 
PLUMBAGO   Holy wishes
PLUM-BLOSSOM   Be of good cheer, Keep your promises, fidelity
POHUTUKAWA   Love, joy, marriage and bonds
POINSETTIA   Be of Good Cheer
POLYANTHUS   Purse-proud, Pride of Riches, Confidence, Elegance
POLYGALA    Hermitage
POMEGRANATE(Shrub)   Good Luck,Elegance,some say Foolishness and Foppery
POMEGRANATE BLOSSOM   Mature Elegance, Perfection
POMEGRANATE  (Fruit)    Elegance, sometimes Foolishness and Foppery
POPLAR(General & Tree)   Endure and Conquor, Courage, Time
POPPY (General)   Eternal Sleep, Oblivion, Consolation, Rest
POPPY(General))   Imagination, Extravagance
POPPY (Black)   Rebirth, Rejuvenation, Farewell, Death
POPPY (Blue)   Mystery, Attaining the impossible
POPPY (Corn)   Ephemeral Charms
POPPY (Red)   Wealth, Success, their Pleasures and Consolation
POPPY (Red)   True love, Pleasure, Fantastic Extravagance
POPPY (Scarlet)   Fantastic Extravagance
POPPY (Variegated)   Flirtation, Dreaminess 
POPPY (White)   Consolation,Rest,(Eternal)Sleep, Peace, Dormant Affection
POPPY (White)   Eternal Love, Virtue, Purity, Reverence, Innocence, Humility
POPPY (Yellow )   Wealth, Success
PORTULACCA (Rose Moss)   Superior, Confessions of Love
POTATO   Benevolance
POTENTILLA (Cinquefoil)   Beloved Daughter, Beloved Child
PRICKLY PEAR (Cactus)   Satire, I Burn
PRIDE OF CHINA (Golden Rain Tree)   I Claim Your Esteem
PRIDE OF CHINA (Koelreuteria)   Dissention
PRIMROSE (General)   Early Youth ,Young Love, I Can't Live Without You
PRIMROSE (General)   Happiness, Satisfaction, Believe Me, Trust in Me
PRIMROSE (Bright Colours)   Warmth and Merit
PRIMROSE (Pink Shades)   Womanly Love, Womanhood
PRIMROSE( Red)   Unpatronized or Neglected Merit, Early youth, Sadness
PRIMROSE(White)   Womanhood, also Womanly Love
PRIMROSE (Evening)   Happiness, Happy Love, sometimes Inconstancy
PRIMULA(General)   The First, Prime, Early Youth, Early Love
PRIMULA (White & Soft Pastel Shades)   Shy and Timid, Unfading Love, Can't Live Without You
PRINCES FEATHER (Celosia)   Warmth and Caring, I Blush for You, Unfading Love
PRINCES Feather (Celosia)   Friendship, Humour, Silliness
PRIVET   Prohibitive
PROTEA (King)   Diversity and Courage, Daring
PUSSY WILLOW   Motherhood, Recovery (especially from illness)
PUSSY WILLOW (Asian Cultures)   Symbol of Luck, Propserity, Good Fortune, Love
PYXIE (Flowering Moss)   Life is sweet
   

Section Q.

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QUAKING GRASS   Agitation, My Thoughts Are Uneasy
QUAMOCLIT ( Cypress Vine)   Busybody, curiosity
QUEEN ANNE'S LACE   Haven, My Sanctuary, Fantasy
QUEEN-OF-THE-MEADOWS   Uselessness
QUINCE (General)   Temptation, Represents a Choice, Abundance
QUINCE-BLOSSOM   Temptation, What Should I Choose?
QUINCE (Japonica or Flowering)   Symbol of Love, Sincerity
   

Section R.

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RAGGED-ROBIN (Lychnis)   Wit, Sweetness, Beauty, Ardor
RANUNCULUS   Radiant Charm, I am Dazzled by Your Charms
RANUNCULUS   Radiance, You Are Radiant With Charms
RANUNCULUS GARDEN   You Are Rich With Attractions, Attractive
RASPBERRY   Remorse
RASPBERRY-BLOSSOM   Remorse
RED CATCHFLY (Silene)   Youthful Love
REEDS   Music, Symbol of Music, sometimes Imprudence
RESTHARROW( Ononis)   Obstacle
RHODODENDRON(General)   Danger, Dangerous, Beware, I am Dangerous, Caution
RHODODENDRON (Planted)   Sometimes planted for protection to ward off danger
RHUBARB   Advice
RIBBON(Knotted to Left Side of Bouquet)   A Message About the Giver
RIBBON(Knotted to Right Side of Bouquet)   A Message About the Receiver
ROCK ROSE (Cistus)   Popular Favour
ROCKET   Rivalry
ROCKET,DAMES(Hesperis)   Evening, Evening Star, Soire'e Star
ROSE (General)   Love, Classic Love Flower, I Love You, Beauty
ROSE(Austrian)   You Are All That Is Lovely 
ROSE (Bent to Right)   Means "I"
ROSE (Bent th Left)   Means "You"
ROSE(Black)   Farewell, Symbol of Death used at Funerals
ROSE(Blue)   Mystery, Attaining the Impossible, Uniqueness
ROSE (Bouquet of full bloom)   Gratitude
ROSE (Bridal)   Happiness, Happy Love
ROSE(Brown)   Fascination, Anticipation
ROSE (Burgundy)   Unconscious Beauty, Beauty Within
ROSE (Cabbage)   Ambassador of Love
ROSE (Capucine)   Splendour
ROSE(Carolina)   Love is Dangerous
ROSE(Centifolia/Hundred-Leafed)   Graces, The Finest
ROSE (China)   Beauty Always New
ROSE (Christmas/ Helleborous)   Relieve my anxiety, tranquilize me
ROSE (Coral)   Desire, Enthusiasm, Passion, Speak Your Desire
ROSE(Cream)   Charming, Thoughtful, Gracious
ROSE (Damask)   Freshness, Persian Ambassador of Love
ROSE (Damask)   Beauty Ever New,Young & Brilliant, Brilliant Complexion
ROSE (Dark Crimson or Black)   Mourning or death
ROSE (Deep Pink)   Thankfulness, Gratitude
ROSE (Deep Red)   Love, Admiration; Embarrassment, Bashful, Shame
ROSE (Dog)   Pleasure & Pain
ROSE (Eglantier)   A Poetic Person
ROSE(Faded)   Alas Fleeting Beauty, Beauty is Fleeting
ROSE (Full-Bloom)   Beauty at it's Finest, Beauty at it's Fullest
ROSE (Full-Bloom, Two Blooms)   Secrecy
ROSE(One in Full-Bloom)   Engagement 
ROSE (Half-Blown)   Timid Love
ROSE(Garland or Crown)   Symbol of Merit,Crown of Reward,Loving Merit or Virtue
ROSE (Green)   I am from Mars, The Unusual, We Are Worlds Apart
ROSE(Guelder) (Viburnum Opulus)   Age, Winter 
ROSE (Jacqueminot)   I am True (Jacqueminot)
ROSE (Japan)   Beauty is Your Only Attraction, Illusion
ROSE (Lavender, Purple, Violet)   Enchantment, Love at First Sight, Grace, Elegance
ROSE(Lavender, Purple, Violet)   Sweet Thoughts, Majesty, Refinement, Opulence
ROSE ( Leaf or Leaves)   You May Hope
ROSE (Marechal Niel)   Yours, Heart and Soul 
ROSE(Moss)   Voluptuous Love
ROSE (Multiflora)   Grace 
ROSE (Musk Cluster)   Charming, Capricioous Beauty
ROSE (Orange)   Fascination, Desire, Speak Your Desire, Secret Love
ROSE (Peach and Soft Pink)   Admiration, Immortality, Modesty, Sociability, Friendship
ROSE (Peach)   Appreciation, Gratitude,You Are Tender and Loving
ROSE (Perpetual)   Unfading Love
ROSE (Porcelana)   Admiration
ROSE (Provence)(Cabbage)   Gentillessee, Ambassador of Love, Fineness
ROSE (Pink)   Perfect Happiness, Secret Love, Sweetness, Indecision, Admiration
ROSE (Pink)   Perfect Love, Grace, Beauty, Believe Me, Thank You 
ROSE (Pink, Soft & Light Shades)   Desire, Passion, Love of Life,Youth,Energy,Joy, Grace
ROSE (Soft or Light Pink Shades)   I Understand, Sympathy, I Am Sorry (especially when ill)
ROSE (Soft or Light Pink Shades)   Conveys Admiration and Sympathetic Support
ROSE (Deep Pink)   Thankfulness, Appreciation, Gratitude
ROSE (Pink & White Together)   I Love You Still and Always
ROSE (Red)    Love, Desire, Pride, Romance, Passionate Love
ROSE (Red)   Congratulations, Job-Well-Done, Respect, Courage, Unity
ROSE (Red)   True Love & Beauty, I Love (You), Unity, Romantic love, 
ROSE (One Single Red)   New Love, I Love you, I Still Love You, Simplicity, Beauty
ROSE(One Single Full Bloom)   I Truly Love You, Engagement
ROSE(One Full Bloom over Two Buds)   Secrecy
ROSE (Red, Withered)   Ended Love, Our Love is Over
ROSE(Withered)   I Would Rather Die
ROSE(Striped)   Warmth of Heart
ROSE( Sweet Briar/ European)   I Wound to Heal
ROSE (Sweet Briar)(Yellow)   Decrease in Love, Let Us Forget It
ROSE(Sweetheart &Miniatures)   Sweetheart, Darling, Dear One, My Honey
ROSE (Rugosa, Sweet Briar, Eglanteria)   Simplicity
ROSE (Sterling Silver)   Love at First Sight
ROSE (Tea))   I'll Remember Always, I Will Always Remember You
ROSE (Thornless)   Love at First Sight, Early Attachment, Gratitude
ROSE (Thorn)   Danger
ROSE (Thorny)   Pleasure & Pain
ROSE (Tudor)   Unanimity
ROSE (White-Dried)   Death is Preferable to Loss of Virtue
ROSE (White, Withered)   Despair
ROSE (White)   Eternal love, I am Worthy of You, Innocence, Heavenly
ROSE (White)   Purity, Secrecy and Silence, Humility, Reverence
ROSE (White)   Flower of Light
ROSE (White, Asian Meaning)   Ultimate Absence, Death, Death of the Mother
ROSE(White, Withered)   Fleeting Beauty, I Am In Despair
ROSE(White, USA Meaning)   Happiness, Security, Traditional Wedding Flower
ROSE( White & Coral Together)   I Desire You, You Are Heavenly
ROSE(White & Red Together)   Unity, Flower Emblem of England, Truth & Love, True Love, Bonding, Harmony
ROSE (White & Yellow Together)   Harmony
ROSE( Wild/Single)   Charming Simplicity, Simplicity, Poetry
ROSE (Wreath)   Reward of Virtue
ROSE (Yellow & Red Together)   Happiness,Celebration,Joy,Excitement,Gaiety, Congratulations
ROSE(1 Yellow, 11 Red)   Love & Passion
ROSE (Yellow)   Joy,Friendship,Gladness,Caring, Platonic Love, Freedom
ROSE (Yellow)   Delight, Remembrance, Welcome Back, New Beginnings
ROSE (Yellow) (European)   Decrease of Love,Jealousy , Infidelity, Slighted Love
ROSE(Yellow)   Let Us Forget, Love is Waning
ROSE (Yellow & Orange Together)   Passonate Thoughts, Enthusiasm, Desire
ROSE (York & Lancaster)   Conflict 
ROSE(One Flower)   Simplicity
ROSE (Two Flowers)   Gratitude
ROSE(Two Joined Together)   Engagement, Coming Marriage
ROSE(Twelve)   Ultimate Symbol of Love, Declaration of Love
ROSE(Twenty Five)   Congratulations
ROSE (Fifty)   Unconditional Love, Pledge of Eternal Love
ROSEBUD (General)   Beauty & Youth, A Heart Innocent of Love
ROSEBUD (General)   You Are Young and Beautiful
ROSEBUD (Unopened)   Unawakened Love
ROSEBUD (No Leaves or Thorns))   You Have Nothing to Hope or Fear
ROSEBUD(Leaves but no Thorns)   Hope, I Live in Hope, I Fear No Longer
ROSEBUD (Red)   Inclined to Love, Pure and Lovely, Beauty & Youth
ROSEBUD(Red)   An Innocent Heart, A Heart of Innocent Love
ROSEBUD (White)   Virginity, Young Girl
ROSEBUD (White)   Too Young to Love, Girlhood, Heart Innocent of Love
ROSE(Worn in Clevage)   Friendship, Remembrance
ROSE(Worn in Hair)   Caution
ROSE(Worn Over Heart)   Love
ROSE-LEAF   You May Hope, Symbol of Hope
ROSEBAY(Nerium/Oleander)   Caution, Beware, Mistrust
ROSEBAY(Willow Herb/Epilobium)   Production
ROSEMARY   Commitment, Intellect, Fidelity, Healing Balm, Constancy, Stimulates Healthy Thinking and Promotes Well-Being
ROSEMARY   Remembrance, Purity, Rebirth, Remember Me, Devotion
ROSE-OF-SHARON   Consumed by Love, Delicate (Beauty), Beautiful
ROSE MOSS(Portulacca)   Superior, Confessions of Love
ROUND-LEAFED SUNDEW(Drosera)   Surprise
ROWAN (Mountain Ash Tree)   Tree of Life, Ambition, Healing, Empowerment, Strength
ROWAN (Mountain Ash)   Protection, Strength, Aid & Protection against Enchantment
RUDBECKIA(Gloriosa Daisy)   Justice, Impartiality, Love Conquers All
RUE   Disdain,Fertility,Sauvage (Wild Ride),Manners, Contrition
RUSH/HORSE-TAIL   Docility
   

Section S.

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SAFFRON Meadow)   Beware of excess pleasures or abuse,Voluptuousness,   You are Perfectly Lovely
SAGE   Wisdom, Great Respect, Esteem, Virtue
SAGE   Domestic Virtue, Greatest Wisdom and Respect , Long Life, Gratitude, Eliminates Negative Energy
SAGE (Pineapple, Salvia rutilans)   Hospitality, Happy Home
SAGE (Russian) (Perovskia atriplicifolia)   Knowledge and Wisdom
SAINFOIN (Holy Clover)   You Confuse Me
SALAL   Zest, Divine Healing
SALVIA (Red)   Untiring Energy 
SALVIA (Blue)   Wisdom, I Think of You
SATINFLOWER (Salpiglossus)   Fascination
SATIN-FLOWER(Clarkia/Godetia)   Sincerity, Fascination love symbol
SAXIFRAGE   Affection
SCABIOUS   Admiration; sometimes unfortunate love (see Pin Cushion)
SCABIOUS (SWEET)   Comfort in Widowhood; I have Lost All;One that is Dear 
SCARLET LYCHNIS   Sunbeaming Eyes
SCHINUS (California Pepper Tree)   Religious Enthusiasm, Sweetness, Beauty, Wit
SCOTCH THISTLE   Retaliation
SEA-BINDWEED   Uncertainty
SEA LAVENDER(Statice)   Sympathy
SEDUM (Stonecrop)   Welcome, Tranquility
SENSITIVE PLANT (Mimosa)   Timidity, Sensitivity, Fine Sensibility, Bashfulness
SENSITIVE  HEDYSARUM (Sweetvetch)   Agitation
SENVY(Mustard Plant)   I Smart, Indifference
SEQUIA   Eternal Longevity and Vast Wisdom
SERVICEBERRY (Wild)(Craetagus)   Harmony
SHAMROCK (Oxalis)   Light-Heartedness, Loyalty
SHEPHERD'S PURSE   I Offer You My All
SILENE   Youthful Love
SILVER FIR   What You Seek Shall Be Found
SILVER WEED   Simplicity
SLOE (Blackthorn)   Difficulty, Austerity, Sudden change, Transition
SMILAX   Loveliness & Constancy
SNAPDRAGON   Gracious Lady, Strength
SNAPDRAGON   Power of Will ;can also say: No; Presumption; Deception
SNOWBALL TREE (Viburnum)   Thoughts of Heaven
SNOWBALL (Viburnum Flowers)   Bound, Thoughts of Heaven,Ennui
SNOWDROP   Hope, Consolation, Friendship Support
SNOWFLAKE   Hope
SOLIDAGO   Success
SORREL (Wild)   Joy, Matrimonial Tenderness, Affection, (Ill-timed) wit
SORREL (Wood)   Secret Sweetness (wood)
SOUTHERNWOOD   Bantering, Jest; Pain
SPARAXIS(Harlequin or Wand Flower)   One Tear, The Harlequin, Tears of a Clown
SPEARMINT   Warm Sentiment, Virtue, Protection
SPEEDWELL (Veronica)   Fidelity, Womanly Fidelity, Femamine Fidelity
SPIDER FLOWER (Cleome)   Elope with Me, Not So Bad As I Seem
SPIDER PLANT (Chlorophytum)   Antidote
SPIDERWORT (Trandescantia)   Esteem but not love, Momentary Happiness
SPINDLE TREE   Likeness, Your Charms Are Engraved on My Heart
SPRUCE   Eternal hardiness, Endurance, Symbol of North and Cold
ST. JOHN'S-WORT   Staunch Hardiness, Strength Against Fear or Animosity
STAR OF BETHLEHEM   Hope, Atonement, Reconciliation, Purity; Idleness
STAR OF BETHLEHEM(Pyramidal)   Purity
STARWORT (Aster) (General)   Variety, Delicacy, Patience, Love Vibrations, Health
STARWORT (Aster) (General)   Healthy Emotions, Love & Contentment
STARWORT(White Star & Late varieties)   Welcome to a Stranger, Afterthoughts, Healthy Emotions
STATICE   Success, Remembrance; Sympathy, Lasting Beauty
STEPHANOTIS   Marital Happiness, Desire to Travel, Come With Me
STEPHANOTIS   Happiness In Marriage, You can boast too much
STOCK   Bonds of Affection, Promptness, Happy Life
STOCK   Lasting Beauty, You'll Always Be Beautiful to Me
STONECROP (Sedum)   Tranquillity, Welcome
STRAWBERRY   Goodness, Perfect Goodness, Esteem, Love
STRAWBERRY of the INDIES(Fragaria)   Deceitful Appearances
STRAW   Agreement, United
STRAW (BROKEN)   Broken Agreement
STRAW FLOWER   Agreement
SUCCORY(Cichorium)   Frugality
SUMAC(Dwarf)   Adoration (dwarf), Splendid,  Intellectual Excellence
SUMAC(General & Wild)   I Shall Survive the Change
SUNDEW(Round-Leafed/Drosera)   Surprise
SUNFLOWER(General & Large Annual)   You are Splendid, Loyalty, Best Wishes, Adoration
SUNFLOWERS (General)   Truth, Fame, Recognition, Granting Wishes
SUNFLOWER ( DWARF)   Adoration, Loyalty, Good Wishes
SUNFLOWER (TALL)   Pure Thoughts, Lofty thoughts, Riches, Loyalty, Pride
SUNFLOWER(Helianthus Perennial)   False Riches, Haughtiness
SWALLOW WORT( Cynanchum)   Cure for Heartache
SWEET BASIL   Good Luck; Best Wishes
SWEET FLAG (Wild Iris)   Fitness and Strength
SWEET PEA   Departure, Remember Me, Good-Bye, Tender Memory
SWEETPEA   Blissful Pleasure, Thank You for a Lovely Time
SWEET-SULTAN   Felicity, Happiness
SWEET-WILLIAM   Grant Me One Smile, Gallantry, Perfection, Finesse
SWEET-WILLIAM   Grant Me One Smile,Your Lovely Smile,sometimes Scorn
SYCAMORE   Growth and Persistence, Curiosity
SYRINGA (Lilac species)   Fraternal  Regard, You Shall Be Happy Yet, Memory
SYRINGA (Lilac species)   Beauty, Pride, Fraternal Love
   

Section T.

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TAMARISK   Crime, It was a crime, Don't do me wrong
TANACITUM (Feverfew & Hybrid Species)   Protection, Good Health
TANSY (Wild)   Resistance,  I Declare War Against You, I Resist You
TARE (Vetch)   Vice
TEA TREE (Leptospermum)   Healing, Strong Health
TEASEL (Dipscaus)   Misanthropy
TENDRILS (Climbing Plants, Any Sort)   Ties that Bind
THISTLE (General)   Austerity, Sternness, Nobility, Harshness
THISTLE (Scotch)   Retaliation 
THORNAPPLE (General)   I Dreamed of Thee
THORNAPPLE(Datura Stromonium)   Delusive Beauty, Disguise, Deceitful Charms
THORNAPPLE(D. fastuosa/Dbl.Purple)   Suspicion
THRIFT (ARMERIA)   Sympathy
THYME   Activity, Strength & Courage, Thrift, Ensures good sleep
TIGRIDIA (Tiger Flower/Jocky's Cap)   Protection against Cruelty; sometimes Cruelty
TOAD FLAX(Wild Antirrhinum)   Presumption
TOPIARY   Stability, Strength
TOUCH-ME-NOT(Impatien)   Impatience, Impatience for Love
TRADESCANTIA(Wandering Jew)   Felicity, Happiness, Transcient Friendship(s)
TRAVELER'S JOY (Clematis)   Rest, Safety
TREE PRIMROSE(Oenothera   Inconstancy
TREMELLA (Fungi)   Resistance
TRILLIUM   Modest ambition
TRITONIA   The Weather Vane, I Am Yours in All Seasons
TRUFFLE(Ground Fungi)   Surprise
TRUMPET FLOWER(Angel's Trumpets)   Thoughts of Those Departed, Separation
TRUMPET-FLOWER (Orange Trumpet)   Fame
TUBEROSE   Daringly Dangerous, Dangerous Pleasures
TUBEROSE   Voluptuousness
TULIP (General)   Fame, Charity, Declaration of Love
TULIP (General)   Perfect Lover, Flower Emblem of Holland, Famous
TULIP (Red)   Declaration of love, Fame, Believe Me, Ardent Love
TULIP (Red)   My Perfect Love, Reclaimation of Love
TULIP (Pink & Purple Shades)   Rural Happiness, Country Charms
TULIP (Variegated)   Beautiful Eyes, Your Eyes Are Beautiful, Enchantment
TULIP (Variegated)   There's Sunshine in Your Smile, Beautiful Eyes
TULIP (Virginal/Budding)   Literary Debut, Best Wishes for Your New Venture
TULIP (Yellow)   Lovely & Majestic Charms, Sunshine in Your Smile
TULIP (Yellow)   Perfect Love, sometimes Hopeless(ly in) Love 
TULIP TREE(Deciduous Magnolia)   Bonds of Love, Fame
TURNIP   Charity
TURNIP BLOSSOM   Help Will Come for You
TURNSOL (Heliotrope)   The Intoxication of Love
TUSSILAGE (Coltsfoot)   You Shall Have Justice
   

Section U.

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ULMUS (Elm)   Dignity, Grace, Protection (see Elm)
URTICA (Nettle Family)   Slander, You are Spiteful, Cruelty, Don't Sting Me
   

Section V.

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VACCINUM (Blueberry)   Healing (Flowers & Fruit); (Foliage)Treachery
VALERIAN (General)   An Accommodating Disposition
VALERIAN (Greek)   Rapture
VALERIAN (Red)   Readiness, Facility
VENUS'S CAR( Dicentra/Bleeding Heart)   Fly With Me
VENUS FLYTRAP   Caught at Last, Duplicity, Deception
VENUS' LOOKING GLASS (Legousia)   Flattery
VENUS'S LOOKING GLASS(Triodanis)   Flattery
VERBENA (White & General)   Pray for Me, I Pray for You, Sensibility, Enchantment
VERBENA (Pink)   Family Union & Bonds
VERBENA (Purple)   I Pray (Weep) for You, Regret
VERBENA (Scarlet)   Sensitivity, Tender & Quick Emotion
VERBENA (White)   Honesty, Pray For Me (As I Do For You)
VERNALGRASS   Poor But Happy
VERONICA (Speciosa & Species)   Fidelity, I Dare Not, I Promise to be Faithful
VERONICA SPEEDWELL   Fidelity
VERTIVER(Chrysopogon zizanioides)   Tranquility, Grounding
VERVAIN(Wild Verbena)   Enchantment, Superstition
VERVAIN   Sacred herb of Romans used to purify homes & temples
VETCH   I Cling To Thee, Shyness
VIBURNUM (Opulus)   Age, Winter 
VINCA MAJOR (Periwinkle)   Happy or Fond Memories
VINE   Release of Prophetic Powers, Intoxicating Powers, Bonds
VIOLET (General/Blue/Sweet)   Faithfulness, Modesty, Virtue, Affection, Love
VIOLET (Blue)   Youthful Innocence, Watchfulness, Hope, Calming
VIOLET (Blue)   Love, I'll Always Be True, Watchful & Faithful Always
VIOLET (Dame)   Watchfulness, Faithfulness, Love, Loyalty
VIOLET (Purple)   Thoughts of You, Faithfulness, Love, Loyalty 
VIOLET (Vines or Runner Trails)   Bonds or Knots of Love
VIOLET (White)   Let's Take A Chance On Happiness, I'll Always Be True
VIOLET (White)   Purity, Candor, Modesty, Innocence
VIOLET(Yellow)   Love of Country, Modesty, Faithfulness, induces sleep
VIOLET (Yellow)   Rural Happiness, Country Charms, Modest Worth
VIOLET IVY (Cobea Scadens) +++   Knots, Knots of Love
VIRGINIA COWSLIP(Dodocatheon)   Divinity
VIRGINIA CREEPER   I Cling To Thee, Shyness
VIRGINIA SPIDERWORT(Tradescantia)   Momentary Happiness, Transcient Felicity
VIRGIN'S BOWER(Clematis)   Filial Love, Love of Son or Daughter), Artifice 
VISCARIA   Will You Dance With Me?
   

Section W.

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WAKE-ROBIN (Arum commune)   Ardor, Zeal
WALL FLOWER (Gilly Flower)   Faithful in Adversity, Fidelity, Lasting Beauty
WALLFLOWER   Promptness, Fidelity in Misfortune or Adversity
WALNUT    Healing and Protection
WALNUT (Tree)   Intellect and Stratagem, Protection, Health
WANDERING JEW(Trandescantia)   Felicity, Happiness, Transcient Friendship(s)
WATER LILY (General)(Nymphaea)   Purity of the Heart, Beauty
WATER LILY (peltated)(N.nulumbo)   Wisdom
WATER LILY (White)(N. Alba)   Eloquence & Elegance
WATER LILY (Yellow) (N. lutea)   Growing Indifference
WAX-PLANT Hoya/General)   Preference, Good Fortune, Better Things to Come
WAX PLANT (Hoya)   Susceptibility
WEIGELA   Accept a Faithful Heart, Grace and Yielding to lLove
WHEAT   Prosperity, Wealth, Continuation of Life, Friendliness
WHEAT STALK   Riches
WHORTLEBERRY(Vaccinium)   Treachery
WILLOW (Weeping)   Mourninig, Saddness,Bravery, sometimes forsaken love
WILLOW (General &Weeping))   Healing, Protection, Banishes Sadness and Depression
WILLOW (General)   Strongly Healing Feminine aspects, Mourning
WINDFLOWER (Anemone)   Sincerity, Symbol of Love; sometimes Abandonment
WINGED SEEDS (All Sorts)   Messengers, Spirit Message from Nature
WINTERGREEN   Harmony
WINTER GREENERY   Immortality,Renewal,I Survive & Prosper Through Adversity
WINTER ROSE (Helleborus)   A Beautiful Year Ahead, Wit, Relieve My Anxiety
WISTERIA   Welcome, Cordial Welcome, You Are Always Welcome
WISTERIA   I Cling to Thee
WITCH HAZEL   A Spell
WITCH-HAZEL   Inspiration, Mysticism, A spell is upon me
WOAD (Isatis, A Wild Indigo)   Modest Merit
WOLFBANE (Aconite/Friar's Cap)   Misanthropy, Chivalry, Knight
WOLFSBANE(Turk's Cap/Bear's Foot)   Misanthropy
WOODBINE   Fraternal Love
WOODRUFF   Sweet Humility
WOOD-SORREL (Oxalis)   Joy, Maternal Tenderness
WORMWOOD (General)   Absence
WORMWOOD(Absinthium)   Absence
WORMWOOD(Artemisia)   Not to be Discourage, Please don't be Discouraged
   

Section X.

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XANTHIUM (Cocklebur)   Pertinacity, Rudeness
XERANTHEMUM (Everlasting Daisy)   Unfading Remembrance, Cheerful in Adversity
   

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YARROW   Cure for Heartache and Sorrow
YARROW   Cure that Brings Health and Healing
YEW (General & Tree)(Taxus)   Transformation, Reincarnation, Death & Rebirth, Great Age, Good Shield and Protection
YEW (Foliage)   Same as above, also Sadness, Sorrow
YUCCA   There is Life; Abundant and Hardy Life
   

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ZANTADESCHIA (Calla or White Arum Lily)   Magnificent Beauty, Loveliness, Pure Elegance
ZEPHYR FLOWER (General)   Sincerity, Symbol of Love
ZEPHYRANTHES (Hybrids & Species)   Expectation, Fond Caresses
ZINNIA (General)   Kind Thoughts of Absent Friends, Thoughts of Friends
ZINNIA (Magenta)   Lasting Affection
ZINNIA (Mixed)   Thinking (or in memory) of an Absent Friend
ZINNIA (Scarlet)   Constancy
ZINNIA (White)   Goodness
ZINNIA (Yellow)   Daily Remembrance

About us

dale-john 01-100x66 Dale Harvey and John Newton met in Melbourne Australia in 1981. Since then they both have supported each others careers while also building and maintaining their own. Read about how they were able to turn their joint careers into one and creating a dream of a better world starting in their own local community.

Media & Publications

host daffodils-100x66The following articles are a small part of the many published editorials on or about both Dale Harvey and John Newton plus the property affectionately nick named by the people of New Zealand, as the
"Quarter Acre” Paradise gardens.

Awards & Credits

HOPE Trust-100x66This is a collection of Appreciation Certificates, Local and Overseas Awards with Acknowledgments presented to Dale Harvey and John Newton over the many years of their joint careers plus the Launch and Registration
of The H.O.P.E. Trust
The Healing of Planet Earth.

Contact Us

P.O.Box Papatoetoe Central
2156 Auckland
New Zealand
Tel: +61 9 276 4827
Fax: +61 9 276 4025
Email: info@daleharvey.com 
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